What is Sinusitis?
Sinusitis is when tissue inside the sinuses become inflamed and begin to fill with fluids that allow for germs or infection grow. Sinuses contain mucus, which helps you to filter out the air you breathe. These are hollow cavities which can be found surrounding your cheekbones, eyes, and behind your nose. When someone becomes sick, sinusitis makes its debut. Those who smoke, fly frequently, scuba dive, swim often, have asthma, weakened immune system are more susceptible to Sinusitis.
There are different types of Sinusitis can cause different degrees of discomfort. Those types are Acute, Chronic, and Recurrent.
Acute Sinusitis can come about when a cold virus is contracted; however, it can be caused by something noninfectious as well. It is declared Acute if the symptoms last no longer than four weeks long. Most cases include minor short-term infections including the common cold. Rarely, a bacterial infection may develop, but for most symptoms go away within a week to 10 days.
If any of those symptoms last for more than 12 weeks, it is referred to as chronic sinusitis. This condition intervenes with drainage and also causes buildup with mucus. Common causes may include nasal polyps, an abnormal growth inside the nose that creates a blockage, and a deviated nasal septum.
A rarer condition, Recurrent Sinusitis occurs sporadically throughout the year, usually containing 4 or more episodes per year with seven days duration. Unlike other similar conditions, Recurrent Sinusitis notably is absent of signs and symptoms.
Risk for Sinusitis
Risks factors include:
- A nasal passage abnormality
- Aspirin sensitivity
- An immune system disorder
- Hay fever
- Regular exposure to pollutants
Treatment of Sinusitis
Treatments are available for all types of Sinusitis. In home remedies such as nasal salines can be purchased over-the-counter. Daily nasal saline washing can clear away mucus and helps reduce common symptoms of Sinusitis. Another type of treatment is Glucocorticoids. These are very effective anti-inflammation drugs, as the glucocorticoid nasal spray is simple to use and potent in reducing inflammation.
If these treatments do not make a difference, it may be time to visit your doctor. Antibiotics can be used to treat the bacterial infections that may have caused your Sinusitis. These prescriptions typically last 10-14 days, and it could potentially take longer based on the state of your Sinusitis.