Rhinosinusitis, generally associated with sinusitis, is a common disorder with symptoms that include nasal congestion and thick nasal discharge.
Sinuses contain mucus, which helps you to filter out the air you breathe. These are hollow cavities which can be found surrounding your cheekbones, eyes, and behind your nose. With rhinosinusitis, nasal congestion and thick nasal discharge can block the mucus. With the mucus blocked, draining becomes difficult, which can lead to an infection. Rhinosinusitis can also be caused by abnormal growths called nasal polyps, which grow inside your nose. Nasal polyps usually become large enough to block sinuses.
If any of your symptoms last less than four weeks, it is referred to as acute sinusitis. Most cases include minor short-term infections including the common cold. Rarely, a bacterial infection may develop, but for most symptoms go away within a week to 10 days.
If any of your symptoms last for more than 12 weeks, it is referred to as chronic sinusitis. This condition intervenes with drainage and also causes buildup with mucus. Common causes may include nasal polyps and a deviated nasal septum.
A rarer condition, recurrent rhinosinusitis occurs sporadically throughout the year, usually containing 4 or more episodes per year with seven days duration. Unlike other similar conditions, recurrent rhinosinusitis notably is absent of signs and symptoms.
Risk for Sinusitis
Risks factors include:
- A nasal passage abnormality
- Aspirin sensitivity
- An immune system disorder
- Hay fever
- Regular exposure to pollutants
Treatment of Sinusitis
Treatment may be a long-term commitment, and can potentially be a life-long treatment depending on how critical your current life choices are. Daily nasal saline washing can clear away mucus and helps reduce common symptoms of rhinosinusitis. Glucocorticoids are very effective anti-inflammation drugs, as the glucocorticoid nasal spray is simple to use and potent in reducing inflammation.