Allergic rhinitis, commonly known as hay fever, affects between 40 million to 60 million Americans each year. Symptoms include runny nose, itchy mouth or skin, and frequent sneezing.
Allergic rhinitis can be passed down through genetics to other family members. If one family member has the condition, it’s likely another family member will, unfortunately, suffer from this condition during their lifetime.
Are there different types of Allergic Rhinitis?
This condition can take on two different forms:
- Seasonal: Spring, summer, and early fall are the most common times to experience symptoms. These symptoms are caused by allergic sensitivity from airborne mold spores or pollens from grass, trees, and weeds. Your child may have seasonal allergic rhinitis if they develop cold-like symptoms at the same time each year.
- Perennial: Symptoms can be year-round for perennial. Potential causes include dust mites, pet hair, and dander. Perennial nasal symptoms can rarely be caused by underlying or hidden food allergies.
Both forms may be experienced, with perennial symptoms being more active during the pollen seasons.
People with rhinitis symptoms may have the possibility of not having allergies. This condition usually affects adults and causes year-round symptoms, such as nasal congestion and runny nose. The immune system is not involved with nonallergic rhinitis, which can be seen as the biggest difference from allergic rhinitis.
What are treatments for Allergic Rhinitis?
- To keep your home free of allergens, keep windows closed during the pollen period.
- Wear glasses and sunglasses, if applicable, outside to keep pollen out of your eyes.
- Wash your hands immediately after petting an animal.
Hay fever can cause many symptoms that affect your everyday life, which can include:
- Limited activity
- Impaired hand-eye coordination
- Sleep disorders
- Decreased concentration and focus
This condition can be triggered by several allergens, such as pollens from grass, trees, weeds, pet hair, dander, cigarette smoke, and perfume.